Complete Essay on Allama Iqbal in English for Kids as Allama Iqbal was born on 9th November 1877. He was died on 21st April 1938. He is known as being Allama Iqbal but originally his name was Sir Muhammad Iqbal. He was a philosopher, poet, mystic and politician in British India who is widely regarded as having inspired the Pakistan Movement. He is considered one of the most important figures in Urdu literature as in the company of literary work in both the Urdu and Persian languages. He has appeared as being the inspiration for so many people as a prominent classical poet by Pakistani, Indian, Iranian, and other international scholars of literature. Without any doubt Iqbal is best known as an eminent poet as he is also a highly acclaimed “Muslim philosophical thinker of modern times”. His first poetry book named as Asrar-e-Khudi was appeared in the Persian language in the year 1915, and other books of poetry often include Rumuz-i-Bekhudi, Payam-i-Mashriq and Zabur-i-Ajam. Amongst these his best known Urdu works are known as Bang-i-Dara, Bal-i-Jibril, Zarb-i Kalim and a part of Armughan-e-Hijaz.
Essay on Allama Iqbal in English
Iqbal is regarded as the Shair-e-Mashriq. He is also called Mufakkir-e-Pakistan and Hakeem-ul-Ummat. The Pakistan government officially named him a “national poet”. In India he is also remembered as the author of the popular song Saare Jahaan Se Achcha. His grandparents were Kashmiri Pandits, the Brahmins of the Sapru clan from Kashmir who converted to Islam. Mother of Allama Muhammad Iqbal who died on 9 November 1914. Iqbal’s father named as Sheikh Noor Muhammad was a tailor as not much educated but a religious man.
He finished with the Master of Arts degree in 1899 as initiated his career as a reader of Arabic at Oriental College and shortly was selected as a junior professor of philosophy at Government College Lahore. In 1908, Iqbal returned from England and joined the same college again as a professor of philosophy and English literature. In the same period Iqbal began practicing law at Chief Court Lahore. He hence became an active member of Anjuman-e-Himayat-e-Islam. In 1919, he became the general secretary of the same organisation. He was deeply influenced by Western philosophers such as Friedrich Nietzsche, Henri Bergson and Goethe.
So this was all about Allama Iqbal! No doubt that he is one of those people in the history of Pakistani whom name will always be written in the golden words!
Allama Iqbal received his early education in the traditional Madrassa. Later he joined the Sialkot Mission School, from where he passed his matriculate examination. In 1897, he obtained his Bachelor of Arts Degree from Government College, Lahore.After Two years , he secured his Masters Degree and was appointed in the Oriental College, Lahore, as a lecturer of history, philosophy and English. He later proceeded to Europe for higher studies. Having obtained a degree from Cambridge, he secured his doctorate at Munich and finally qualified as a lawyer.
He returned to India in 1908. Besides teaching and practising law, Iqbal continued to write poetry. He resigned from government service in 1911 and took up the task of propagating individual thinking among the Muslims through his poetry.
By 1928, his reputation as a great Muslim philosopher was solidly established and he was invited to deliver lectures at Hyderabad, Aligarh and Madras. These series of lectures were later published as a book "The Reconstruction of Religious Thought in Islam". In 1930, Iqbal was invited to preside over the open session of the Muslim League at Allahabad. In his historic Allahabad Address, Iqbal visualised an independent and sovereign state for the Muslims of North-Western India. In 1932, Iqbal came to England as a Muslim delegate to the Third Round Table Conference. In later years, when the Quaid had left India and was residing in England, Allama Iqbal wrote to him conveying to him his personal views on political problems and state of affairs of the Indian Muslims, and also persuading him to come back. These letters are dated from June 1936 to November 1937. This series of correspondence is now a part of important historic documents concerning Pakistan's struggle for freedom.
On April 21, 1938, the great Muslim poet-philosopher and champion of the Muslim cause, passed away. But he will always be present in readers' heart due to his beautiful poetry. He lies buried next to the Badshahi Mosque in Lahore.
I f you want to know more about Allama Iqbal then read this article Understanding of Allama Iqbal.